It was already announced – now people in China are officially allowed to have a third child. The law that defines the permitted size of families has been changed. The background to this is the threat of an aging population in the country.
In China, couples are now allowed to have three children. The country’s parliament accordingly amended a law with which the ruling Communist Party (CP) stipulates the permitted size of families for its residents.
The move had already been announced at the end of May. The background is the party’s fear that the population is aging too quickly. The decision had come just three weeks after the publication of the latest census, according to which China’s population threatens to shrink in a few years. An unexpectedly massive drop in the birth rate also prompted the CP Politburo to make the decision.
Experts cited the decades-long one-child policy, which was only lifted in 2015, as the reason. The high cost of housing and education in China is also said to play a role in family planning.
One-child policy relaxed in 2015
According to statistics, twelve million children were born in China last year. This was an 18 percent decrease compared to 2019. In 2020, Chinese over the age of 60 made up 18.7 percent of the population. The proportion of the population of working age decreased from 70.1 percent ten years ago to 63.3 percent.
Starting in the 1980s, China had imposed a one-child policy on most couples. Those who did not comply faced fines or the loss of jobs. There were forced abortions. Because parents preferred to have sons, female babies were sometimes killed. In 2015, the rule was relaxed in light of a decline in the birth rate, and then couples could have two children.